In its function as a knowledge hub on emissions trading, ICAP publishes a range of knowledge products, from the flagship annual ICAP Status Reports to short papers and studies on selected ETS design or operation issues, to practical guidebooks for policy makers and practitioners to ETS briefs targeting a broad audience. On occasion, the partnership also releases joint public statements on issues surrounding emissions trading to contribute to the international debate.


 

Annual Report - Emissions Trading Worldwide: Status Report

Since 2014, ICAP publishes its annual status report, 'Emissions Trading Worldwide: Status Report', which provides a comprehensive round-up on the state of play on emissions trading around the globe.

The ICAP Status Report takes stock of the latest policy developments, highlighting major trends and areas of policy debate, and provides detailed factsheets on all ETSs under consideration or operating worldwide.

A series of infographics visualize key trends in emissions trading over space and time. The report has become a widely quoted key reference point serving the broader international carbon market community including governments, business, academia and media. Since 2017, the Executive Summary of the report is also available in Chinese, Russian, and Spanish.



 

ICAP & PMR ETS Handbook

In March 2016, ICAP and the World Bank’s Partnership for Market Readiness (PMR) jointly published a Handbook on ETS design and implementation. This handbook is a guide for policymakers, as well as practitioners, no matter if they are advanced or just at the start of the journey towards implementing an ETS. It consolidates a decade of experience with emissions trading worldwide alongside insights from the academic literature on the topic.

Synthesizing input from over 100 practitioners and technical experts from four continents, it lays out a 10-step process with regards to the design, implementation, and operation of an effective ETS. Both the PMR and ICAP use the handbook as part of their ongoing ETS capacity building efforts. The Handbook is available in English, Chinese, Spanish, and Turkish.


 

ICAP Briefs on ETS Basics

ICAP ETS Briefs are designed for businesses, media, students, and other stakeholders interested in climate change and emissions trading. On just two pages, the briefs help you get up to speed on how emissions trading works, its benefits, as well as a snapshot of systems currently operating worldwide.

Our briefs also explore specific ETS design topics, such as how revenue is spent or how systems can cooperate to form a joint market.

The briefs are available in English, Chinese, Korean, French, Spanish and Russian. More briefs are on the way, so check back for the latest updates and trends in emissions trading.


 

Input Papers and Reports

ICAP produces a range of high-quality research, in order to facilitate discussion among ETS practitioners on the latest issues in policy design. Our publications, sometimes the product of the collaboration with other research institutions, are subject to review and inputs from ICAP Members and Observers.  They are also used as resources for ETS related education and communication.

Linking is a key topic in emissions trading and closely related to ICAP’s mission. In 'Linking ETS: State of the Art', the authors summarize the key insights from the literature with a focus on the technical dimensions of linking ETS.

While linking offers many potential benefits, full linking also entails significant challenges. Commissioned by ICAP to the Stockholm Environment Institute, Options and Issues for Restricted Linking of Emissions Trading Schemes analyzes options that can help deliver some of the political, economic and environmental benefits of full linking.

The ICAP Secretariat is currently developing an ‘ICAP Guide to Linking’, which aims to be a practical guide for policymakers interested in carbon pricing or ETS, consolidating the linking lessons and experiences from ICAP Members alongside insights from the literature.

The 'Benefits of Emissions Trading: Taking Stock of the Impacts of ETS Worldwide' paper reviews both the theoretical and empirical evidence in support of emissions trading for climate action.  The paper is intended as a living document, to be reviewed and amended as new evidence becomes available.

The study 'Carbon Market Oversight' provides a brief overview of key elements for emissions trading market oversight, including various options that have been taken in different ETS with regard to institutional and legal requirements and standards. 

ICAP, in conjunction with the Mercator Research Institute on Global Commons and Climate Change, as well as Resources for the Future produced 'Emissions Trading and the Role of a Long-Run Carbon Price Signal', which looks at how ETSs incentivize cost-effective mitigation over the long term, as well as possible options to address market and regulatory imperfections in emissions trading. 


 

ICAP Submission and Statement

In the run-up to the COP21 in Paris, ICAP filed a submission to the UNFCCC Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action (ADP) on 19 October 2015, calling for the Paris agreement to support the use of market mechanisms to help countries achieve the targets laid down in their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs).