Welcome to the ETS Library! This reference database combines different sources of information on ETS and allows you to filter it by system, design topics, effects, and types of information. For best results, make use of these typologies, which include many categories and sub-categories. Click here for more detail on how to use the ETS Library and here for more background on the tool.
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TYPOLOGY
Systems
Design Topics
Effects
Types of Information
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Design Topics
  • Choice of carbon pricing instrument
    • ETS vs. Tax
    • Hybrid Mechanisms
    • Instrument choice
  • Scope & Coverage
    • Sectoral scope
    • Gas coverage
    • Inclusion Thresholds
    • Point of regulation
    • Scope & Coverage: Other
  • Cap
    • Type of cap
    • Cap trajectory, cap setting and the role of the cap in climate strategy
    • Baseline and Credit Systems
    • Cap: Other
  • Allocation of allowances
    • Use of revenues
    • Free allocation (general)
    • Grandparenting (method of free allocation)
    • Output-based allocation (method of free allocation)
    • Benchmarking (method of free allocation)
    • New entrants and closures
    • Allocation: Other
    • Auctioning
  • MRV & Compliance
    • Monitoring of emissions
    • Reporting of emissions
    • Verification
    • Registries
    • Enforcement
    • MRV & Compliance: Other
  • Market operation & oversight
    • Limiting market power
    • Fraud prevention
    • Carbon market actors & products
    • Market operation & oversight: Other
  • Legal and institutional requirements of ETS
    • Institutional structure for ETS
    • Legal nature of allowances
    • Leqal requirements for ETS
  • Offsets
    • Kyoto flexibility mechanisms
    • Domestic offsets programs
    • Offsets: Other
  • Temporal flexibility
    • Banking
    • Borrowing
  • Linking
    • Aligning ETS features
    • Types and degrees of linking
    • Governance and management of the linked market
    • Linking: Other
  • Market and Price Stability
    • Price floors / Minimum Prices / Reserve Prices
    • Price ceiling
    • Cost Containment Reserves
    • Market Stability Reserve
    • Market and Price Stability: Other
  • Stakeholder engagement
    • Engaging regulated entities
    • Engaging other stakeholders / special interests
    • Engagement with wider public
    • General stakeholder engagement
Effects
  • Effects of the carbon price signal on economic behavior
    • Carbon price signal
    • Carbon price pass-through
    • Long-term price signal
    • Deployment of / investment into low-carbon technology
    • Low-Carbon Innovation
  • Cost-effectiveness
    • Static efficiency
    • Intertemporal cost-effectiveness/ dynamic efficiency
  • Distributional effects
    • Distributional effects
  • Competitiveness and carbon leakage effects
    • Competitiveness and carbon leakage effects
  • Politics of ETS
    • Politics of ETS
  • Fostering international cooperation
    • Fostering international cooperation
  • Greenhouse-gas abatement
    • Greenhouse-gas abatement
  • Environmental co-benefits
    • Environmental co-benefits
  • Interaction with other policies
    • Interaction with other policies
  • Transaction Costs
    • Transaction Costs
Types of Information
  • Evidence / Prediction
    • Evidence / Prediction
  • Policy recommendations
    • Policy recommendations
  • Policy history / rich description
    • Policy history / rich description
  • Other
    • Other
  • Legislation
    • Legislation
Systems
  • Global Carbon Market
    • Global Carbon Trading
    • Kyoto Flexible Mechanisms
    • Global Carbon Market: Other
    • Paris Agreement: Article 6
  • California Cap-and-Trade Program (WCI, United States)
    • California Cap-and-Trade Program (WCI, United States)
  • China
    • China National
    • China Pilot Systems
  • EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS)
    • EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS)
  • Kazakhstan Emissions Trading Scheme (KAZ ETS)
    • Kazakhstan Emissions Trading Scheme (KAZ ETS)
  • Korean Emissions Trading Scheme
    • Korean Emissions Trading Scheme
  • New Zealand Emissions Trading Scheme (NZ ETS)
    • New Zealand Emissions Trading Scheme (NZ ETS)
  • Quebec Cap-and-Trade Program (WCI, Canada)
    • Quebec Cap-and-Trade Program (WCI, Canada)
  • Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI) (United States)
    • Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI) (United States)
  • Tokyo & Saitama Cap-and-Trade Program (Japan)
    • Tokyo & Saitama Cap-and-Trade Program (Japan)
  • Switzerland ETS
    • Switzerland ETS
  • Jurisdictions considering ETS
    • Brazil
    • Chile
    • Oregon (United States)
    • Russia
    • Taiwan
    • Thailand
    • Turkey
    • Ukraine
    • Washington State (United States)
    • Vietnam
    • Indonesia
    • Japan (national)
    • New Mexico
  • Mexico
    • Mexico
  • Nova Scotia (Canada)
    • Nova Scotia (Canada)
  • Virginia (United States)
    • Virginia (United States)
  • Predecessors and non-GHG ETS
    • Ontario Cap-and-Trade Program (WCI, Canada)
    • UK ETS
    • United States (considered)
    • Australia (CPM)
    • Predecessors and non-GHG ETS: Other
  • Colombia
    • Colombia
  • Massachusetts Limits on Emissions from Electricity Generators
    • Massachusetts Limits on Emissions from Electricity Generators
  • New Jersey
    • New Jersey